Indications for the procedure of enucleation of palatine tonsils are:
- chronic tonsillitis and throat inflammation
- recurrent angina
- traveling around the tonsil abscess
- systemic symptoms caused by an infection in the tonsils (rheumatic disease, nephritis, sepsis after angina)
- size of the tonsils impeding breathing and swallowing (also in the course of sleep apnea syndrome)
- suspicion of malignant tonsal tumor. The procedure is performed under local or general anesthesia (anesthesia).
The tonsil adjuvant is anesthetized with anesthetic medication (under local anesthesia, aerosol medication, anesthesia of the mucous membrane of the throat) and the palatine tonsil after separation of the mucous membrane together with the bag and cut it with a special tool called a loop, without disturbing the continuity of the palatal arches.
If during the treatment bleeding occurs, they are supplied by pressure, vessel ligation or electrocoagulation. In the postoperative procedure, the most important thing is not to cause bleeding from the pomervical lodge, therefore it is best to initially eat semi-liquid foods (jelly, homogenized cheese, pudding, etc.), soft, avoid hot and sharp dishes, citrus.
It is also advisable to avoid hot baths, physical activities, aspirin and any preparations containing aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) are forbidden. As analgesics you can use: paracetamol, ibuprofen, pyralgine.
In the first days after surgery, it is possible to: sore throat, ear pain, increased body temperature, weakness, temporary and sometimes permanent voice change.
In the case of surgical treatment of palatine tonsils, the patient may experience the so-called "Late bleeding" up to 7-14 days after surgery. In any case of bleeding after surgery, immediately contact your doctor.